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The Manufacture of Dairy Products
The dairy market is divided into 63% liquid, that is milk in all its various forms and flavours, and 37% concentrated products produced by the secondary industry. The South African dairy sector has experienced a decline in most segments of the value chain over the last two years. Milk Producers earned R14bn in 2015/2016, which is 6.6% less than the previous year, and their numbers decreased from 1,683 in January 2016 to 1,593 in January 2017.
Industry players at all levels of the value chain face threats, which include changing consumer dietary preferences, regulatory changes and increasing competition and imports. Problems have also arisen from the ongoing effects of the prolonged drought. These include stock losses due to reduced grazing, heat stress resulting in reduced milk output and poor conception rates, water shortages and lack of income to procure feed. Large player, Montic entered business rescue in November 2016 and the sector witnessed the demise of industry icon DairyBelle during June 2017 when the company liquidated the Bloemhof, North West Province factory.
The Manufacture of Dairy Products describes current conditions and the actions taken by role players to ensure sustainability in their operations. Detailed statistics regarding the size of the sector and profiles for 40 companies are provided. These include large dairy processor, Clover which has altered the low margin volume driven milk business through the creation of Dairy Farmers South Africa (DFSA), and Unilever South Africa (Pty) Ltd, which has had to deal with the impact of the global consumer move from margarine to butter. Also profiled are three dairies based in the Eastern Cape, which has become the top milk-producing province with 30.6% market share: Coega Dairy (Pty) Ltd; Sundale Free Range Dairy (Pty) Ltd; and Woodlands Dairy (Pty) Ltd. Between them these three dairies employ more than 2,000 people.