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The South African Petroleum Industry
The focus of this detailed report is the manufacture of petroleum products from crude oil and natural gas, as well as the wholesale and retail trade of the products in South Africa. According to the South African Petroleum Industry Association (SAPIA), the fuel sector contributes about 6% to the country’s GDP while supplying some 18% of South Africa’s primary energy needs through annual sales of 27 billion litres of liquid fuels. In 2016 the nine members of the South African Petroleum Industry Association (SAPIA), who are the main manufacturers of petroleum products, had total assets of R125.1bn and made an operating profit of R19bn.
Currently South Africa produces 5% of its fuel needs from gas, 35% from coal and 50% from local crude oil refineries. The most recent statistics show that nearly 80% of South Africa’s crude oil is imported through the single buoy mooring (SBM) system off the coast of Durban. Shell (26%), Engen (26%), BP (26%), Sasol Oil (16%) and Total (6%) own the SBM, which is managed and operated by SAPREF, the country’s largest oil refinery. Statistics show that domestic downstream refined product market has seen a gradual shift from being a net export market to a net import market in the last 15 years with approximately 8 billion litres a year being imported.
The South African Petroleum Industry looks at current conditions and refining capacity in the local sector and focuses on factors that influence the success of the industry. Key constraints to the country’s commercial production of biofuels which include the national regulatory environment and very high input costs are also discussed. Profiles for 61 companies involved in all sub-sectors of the industry are provided. Companies range from SMME Blue Chip Lubricants which recently sold 51% of the company to Lutramart Oils Pty Ltd, a black-owned lubricant distributor, and Chevron South Africa which announced its intention of selling 75% of its stake in Calref to China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation (Sinopec) for R11.3bn in March 2017.