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Mining of Precious Metals and Minerals In South Africa: Gold and Uranium, Platinum and Diamonds Updated Report Available
BY Alex Conradie
South Africa
13 August 2018
R 6 960.00 (ZAR)  
estimated $ 421.53 (USD) *
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Mining of Precious Metals and Minerals: Gold and Uranium, Platinum, and Diamonds


Mining’s contribution to the South African economy continues its long term decline. Gold’s contribution to South Africa’s GDP reached a peak of 16.7% in 1980, and had declined to only 1.3% in 2016. Policy and regulatory uncertainty, including the Mining Charter, continue to weigh on the industry and hamper investment decisions. The sector remains constrained by sub-optimal commodity prices, ageing infrastructure and operational and cost challenges brought on by increasing depth of operations and declines in productivity. The stronger rand also influenced the sector in 2017.


State of The Industry


About 75% of South Africa’s gold mines and two thirds of its platinum mines are unprofitable or making a small profit.South Africa nevertheless has gold reserves of 6,000 tonnes, which is more than 10% of the world total, and exported 119.6t of gold worth R65.1bn during 2017 and sold worth R17.7bn locally. The country’s platinum-group metals reserves of 63,000t represent more than 90% of the world total. The local diamond mining sector was the world’s sixth largest producer in terms of volume during 2017, producing 9.7 million carats worth US$3.1bn, and exporting 9.9 million carats worth US$1.3bn. While total gold demand declined during 2017, demand for gold jewellery increased, as did demand for diamonds. Local and export sales of gold, platinum-group metals and diamonds amounted to R178.1bn during 2017, and these sectors employed 306,197 people


Report Coverage


This report deals with the mining of precious metals and minerals in South Africa including uranium as a by-product of gold mining, the report describes current conditions, including uncertainty in the regulatory environment, and discusses factors influencing the success of the industry. The report profiles 42 companies including De Beers Consolidated Mines and Trans Hex which recorded output increases of 23.8% and 59.5% respectively.


Page
1. INTRODUCTION 1
2. DESCRIPTION OF THE INDUSTRY 1
2.1. Industry Value Chain 2
2.2. Geographic Position 6
3. SIZE OF THE INDUSTRY 9
4. STATE OF THE INDUSTRY 21
4.1. Local 21
4.1.1. Gold 21
4.1.2. Uranium 24
4.1.3. Platinum 26
4.1.4. Diamonds 28
4.1.5. Corporate Actions 31
4.1.6. Regulations 36
4.1.7. Enterprise Development and Social Economic Development 41
4.2. Continental 42
4.2.1. Gold 42
4.2.2. Uranium 42
4.2.3. Platinum 43
4.2.4. Diamonds 43
4.3. International 44
4.3.1. Gold 44
4.3.2. Uranium 47
4.3.3. Platinum 49
4.3.4. Diamonds 52
5. INFLUENCING FACTORS 54
5.1. Economic Environment 54
5.2. Labour 55
5.3. Mine Safety 59
5.4. Illegal Mining 59
5.5. Technology, Research and Development (R&D) and Innovation 61
5.6. Environmental Concerns 63
5.7. Platinum Recycling 63
5.8. Community Protests 64
5.9. Synthetic Diamonds 65
6. COMPETITION 66
6.1. Barriers to Entry 67
7. SWOT ANALYSIS 68
8. OUTLOOK 69
9. INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS 70
10. REFERENCES 70
10.1. Publications 70
10.2. Websites 71
COMPANY PROFILES – MINING OF GOLD 73
ANGLOGOLD ASHANTI LTD 73
CENTRAL RAND GOLD LTD 79
DRDGOLD LTD 82
GOLD FIELDS LTD 86
HARMONY GOLD MINING COMPANY LTD 91
LONMIN PLC 97
OAKBAY RESOURCES AND ENERGY LTD 102
ORION MINERALS LTD 105
PAN AFRICAN RESOURCES PLC 109
PENINSULA ENERGY LTD 112
SIBANYE GOLD LTD 115
STIBIUM MINING SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 121
STONEWALL RESOURCES LTD 123
VILLAGE MAIN REEF (PTY) LTD 126
WHITE RIVERS EXPLORATION (PTY) LTD 129
COMPANY PROFILES – MINING OF PLATINUM 132
AFRICAN RAINBOW MINERALS LTD 132
ANGLO AMERICAN PLATINUM LTD 137
ATLATSA RESOURCES CORPORATION 141
GLENCORE OPERATIONS SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 144
IMPALA PLATINUM HOLDINGS LTD 148
IVANHOE MINES LTD 152
LONMIN PLC 155
MMAKAU MINING (PTY) LTD 160
NORTHAM PLATINUM LTD 162
ORION MINERALS LTD 166
PLATINUM GROUP METALS (RSA) (PTY) LTD 170
PLATMIN SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 172
ROYAL BAFOKENG PLATINUM LTD 174
SIBANYE GOLD LTD 177
SIYANDA RESOURCES (PTY) LTD 183
SYLVANIA PLATINUM LTD 186
WESIZWE PLATINUM LTD 189
WINDSOR PLATINUM INVESTMENTS (PTY) LTD 192
COMPANY PROFILES – MINING OF DIAMONDS 194
ALEXKOR SOC LTD 194
DE BEERS CONSOLIDATED MINES (PTY) LTD 197
DMI MINERALS SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 200
FRONTIER DIAMONDS LTD 202
KAREEVLEI MINING (PTY) LTD 204
PETRA DIAMONDS LTD 205
ROCKWELL DIAMONDS INC 208
TANGO MINING LTD 211
TRANS HEX GROEP LTD 214
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