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Growing of Cereals and Other Crops
BY Yasmin Mahomedy
South Africa
24 October 2018
R 10 080.00 (ZAR)  
estimated $ 720.91 (USD) *
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The Growing of Cereals and Other Crops in South Africa


This report focuses on the growing of cereals and other crops in South Africa. These include maize, wheat, sugar cane, sunflower seeds, cotton and tobacco. The country’s agricultural sector contributes about 2.5% to gross domestic product and gross farming income from all agricultural products increased by 10.2% to an estimated R267bn in the year to 30 June 2017. The number of commercial farmers in South Africa continues to decline mainly due to dwindling farming profitability and policy uncertainty regarding expropriation of land without compensation.


Record Production


South Africa harvested 16.82 million tons of maize in 2017 compared to 7.5 million tons in 2016. Wheat production for 2016/2017 is estimated at 1.88 million tons, 436,000 tons more than the previous season. While production has increased, crop growers are facing a number of threats including cheap imports, higher production than demand and land expropriation. The sugar industry’s annual sales were reported to have declined by 27% as a result of imported sugar and the implementation of the Sugary Beverage Levy, while tobacco farming is under threat due to an increase in the distribution and sale of illegal cigarettes.


Report Coverage


This report describes current conditions, commercial production statistics and predictions, and legislative developments. Factors that influence the success of the sector are also covered, including land expropriation and opportunities created by the September 2018 Constitutional Court ruling on the private use of cannabis which could lead to increased opportunities for cannabis growers.


Page
1. INTRODUCTION 1
2. DESCRIPTION OF THE INDUSTRY 1
2.1. Industry Value Chain 2
2.2. Geographic Position 4
3. SIZE OF THE INDUSTRY 6
4. STATE OF THE INDUSTRY 8
4.1. Local 8
4.1.1. Trade 13
4.1.2. Regulations 15
4.1.3. Enterprise Development and Social Economic Development 17
4.2. Continental 19
4.3. International 21
5. INFLUENCING FACTORS 22
5.1. Government Intervention and Land Reform 22
5.2. Economic Environment 23
5.3. Rising Operating Costs 24
5.4. Technology, Research and Development (R&D) and Innovation 24
5.5. Labour 27
5.6. Environmental Concerns 29
6. COMPETITION 30
6.1. Barriers to Entry 30
7. SWOT ANALYSIS 31
8. OUTLOOK 31
9. INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS 32
10. REFERENCES 33
10.1. Publications 33
10.2. Websites 33