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The Farming of Animals
BY Marc Bosman
South Africa
14 March 2019
R 14 400.00 (ZAR)  
estimated $ 1 015.12 (USD) *
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The Farming of Animals


Livestock farming is the largest agricultural sector and continues to suffer the consequences of reduced rainfall since 2014, ongoing drought and drought-induced losses, excessive temperatures which affect breeding, rising input costs, increasing crime, stock theft and predation, diseases, reduced consumer spending and limited access to land, water and resources. The sector continues to decline in terms of number of farmers and livestock. Despite all this however, gross animal product income for 2017/2018 of R142.97bn was 13.3% higher than the R126.16bn reported in 2016/2017, largely due to better prices received by farmers.


Industry in Decline


The industry is largely severely financially constrained and remains challenged by policy uncertainty on land expropriation. The 2017/2018 season will be remembered for the continuation in certain areas of the worst drought in over 100 years with calamitous results for many industry players and the significant loss of livestock. The number of commercial farming units has dropped precipitously and it is expected to decline further.


Report Coverage


This report focuses on the farming of animals in South Africa, specifically the extensive or pastoral production of livestock. It describes the commercial, emerging, communal and stud farming sectors and includes detailed information on the farming of cattle, sheep, goats, horses, donkeys and game or wildlife and the factors influencing the sector’s success.


Page
1. INTRODUCTION 1
2. DESCRIPTION OF THE INDUSTRY 1
2.1. Geographic Position 3
2.2. Industry Value Chain 4
3. SIZE OF THE INDUSTRY 5
4. STATE OF THE INDUSTRY 15
4.1. Local 15
4.1.1. Corporate Actions 18
4.1.2. Regulations 18
4.1.3. Enterprise Development and Social Economic Development 22
4.2. Continental 24
4.3. International 27
5. INFLUENCING FACTORS 29
5.1. Government Initiatives and Intervention 29
5.2. Land Issues 33
5.3. Consumer Demand, Consumer Health and Retailer Needs 35
5.4. Grazing Capacity and Stocking Rate 35
5.5. Animal Disease 36
5.6. Economic Environment 37
5.7. Rising Input and Operating Costs 39
5.8. Agricultural Commodity Market Impact 40
5.9. Technology, Research and Development (R&D) and Innovation 41
5.10. Labour 43
5.11. Cyclicality 46
5.12. Environmental Concerns 47
5.13. Crime, Stock Theft and Predation 49
6. COMPETITION 51
6.1. Barriers to Entry 52
7. SWOT ANALYSIS 53
8. OUTLOOK 53
9. INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS 54
10. REFERENCES 56
10.1. Publications 56
10.2. Websites 59
APPENDIX 1 61
Definition of Free-Range Farming 61