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Maintenance and Operation of Ports
BY Tricia Duligal
South Africa
10 February 2016
R 2 040.00 (ZAR)  
estimated $ 131.59 (USD) *
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Maintenance and Operation of Ports


This report focuses on the maintenance of ports and harbours in South Africa, a sector that is dominated by two divisions of State-Owned Corporation (SOC) Transnet. As between 95 % and 98% of South Africa’s international trade is carried by sea, and with national demand for all cargo travelling through the ports system reaching approximately 255 million tons in 2015, the sector is of vital importance to the country.


Operational Challenges


Over the years there has been a lack of investment into port infrastructure which has resulted in “serious operational deficiencies.” Benchmarking studies have also found that efficiency levels and the standard of services provided by the local ports authority are expensive and fall below international standards.


Investment into Infrastructure


Investment into the country’s transport sectors forms an important part of Government’s National Development Plan (NDP) which aims to promote economic growth and boost job creation. During 2014/15 Transnet through its Market Demand Strategy (MDS) invested R5.78bn in port infrastructure and over the next ten years Transnet National Ports Authority (TNPA) through Operation Phakisa expects investment of R56bn. With such large investments, stakeholders believe South African ports will be able to provide repair, maintenance and support services to the African Oil & Gas industry and will become a transhipment hub for sub-Saharan Africa, acting as a gateway into the rest of Africa.


Report Coverage


The Maintenance and Operation of Ports describes the South African ports sector, outlines current and future infrastructure projects and discusses factors influencing the success of this sub-sector of the transport industry. The report profiles Transnet and its two divisions, TNPA and Transnet Port Terminals (TPT) which reported turnover of R9.718bn and R9.712bn respectively during 2015 and between them employed 11,250 people.


Page
1. INTRODUCTION 1
2. DESCRIPTION OF THE INDUSTRY 1
2.1. Industry Value Chain 3
2.2. Geographic Position 4
3. SIZE OF THE INDUSTRY 6
4. STATE OF THE INDUSTRY 9
4.1. Local 9
4.1.1. Corporate Actions 13
4.1.2. Regulations 14
4.2. Continental 16
4.3. International 19
5. INFLUENCING FACTORS 20
5.1. Economic Environment 20
5.2. High Port Tariffs and low Productivity 21
5.3. Information Technology 23
5.4. Labour Resources 23
5.5. Environmental Concerns 24
6. COMPETITION 25
6.1. Barriers to Entry 26
7. SWOT ANALYSIS 27
8. OUTLOOK 27
9. INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS 28
10. REFERENCES 28
10.1. Publications and Presentations 28
10.2. Websites 29
COMPANY PROFILES 30
TRANSNET SOC LTD 30