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The Agri-Business Sector in Zimbabwe
BY Alex Conradie
Zimbabwe
30 March 2020
R 14 400.00 (ZAR)  
estimated $ 865.96 (USD) *
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The Agri-Business Sector in Zimbabwe


The agriculture, forestry and fishing sectors contributed 12.1% to Zimbabwe’s GDP in 2018 and employed more than two-thirds of the labour force. Some of the challenges facing Zimbabwe’s agri-business sector are the increased occurrence and severity of climate shocks, its dependence on a rain-fed farming system, a shortage of foreign currency, rapidly rising inflation, and a scarcity of fuel and electricity.


Production and Processing


Zimbabwe’s agricultural sector is dominated by more than 1.3 million smallholder farmers, mostly using traditional farming techniques that lead to low production. The main staple crop is maize, while the main cash crops are sugar cane, tobacco and seed cotton, and other important crops are wheat, groundnuts, sorghum, soya beans, barley, sugar beans, millet and tea. Agro-processing activities include the production of sugar, edible oil, tea and animal feed and the milling of maize and wheat. There are many private sector participants in the agro-processing sector.


Potential


Zimbabwe has an ideal climate and fertile soils that provide favourable conditions for the production of a variety of crops. The agricultural sector has, however, not reached its full potential due to a number of factors including a lack of inputs, equipment and irrigation infrastructure and climate shocks. Challenges faced by processors of agricultural products include frequent electricity outages, unnecessary bureaucracy and poor transport infrastructure.


Report Coverage


This report focuses on the Agri-Business Sector in Zimbabwe. It provides comprehensive information on the state of the industry, available production and trade statistics and the factors that influence the sector. There are profiles of 20 companies including Starafrica, which produces around 80% of the country’s refined sugar output, and Zimbabwe Stock Exchange-listed agro-industrial company Ariston and Rift Valley Corporation, the largest producer of bananas in the country. Other major companies profiled include National Foods and Pure Oil.


Page
1. INTRODUCTION 1
2. COUNTRY INFORMATION 1
2.1. Geographic Position 3
3. DESCRIPTION OF THE INDUSTRY 5
3.1. Industry Value Chain 9
4. SIZE OF THE INDUSTRY 15
5. STATE OF THE INDUSTRY 16
5.1. Local 16
5.1.1. Trade 26
5.1.2. Corporate Actions 29
5.1.3. Regulations 30
5.2. Continental 31
5.3. International 32
6. INFLUENCING FACTORS 33
6.1. Economic Environment 33
6.2. Government Support 34
6.3. Foreign Aid 35
6.4. Technology, Research and Development (R&D) and Innovation 35
6.5. Environmental Concerns 37
6.6. Labour 38
7. COMPETITION 38
7.1. Barriers to Entry 39
8. SWOT ANALYSIS 39
9. OUTLOOK 40
10. INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS 40
11. REFERENCES 41
11.1. Publications 41
11.2. Websites 42
APPENDIX 1 44
Summary of Notable Players 44
COMPANY PROFILES 50
AGRI-MILLING (PVT) LTD 50
ARISTON HOLDINGS LTD 52
BRITISH AMERICAN TOBACCO ZIMBABWE (HOLDINGS) LTD 56
CAIRNS FOODS LTD 59
COTTON COMPANY OF ZIMBABWE LTD (THE) 61
EASTERN HIGHLANDS PLANTATIONS LTD 63
HIPPO VALLEY ESTATES LTD 65
NATIONAL FOODS LTD 68
OLIVINE INDUSTRIES (PVT) LTD 71
PARROGATE ZIMBABWE (PVT) LTD 73
POWERFUL GRAND INDUSTRIES (PVT) LTD 75
PROFEEDS (PVT) LTD (ZIMBABWE) 77
PURE OIL INDUSTRIES (PVT) LTD 80
QUTON SEED COMPANY (PVT) LTD 82
RIFT VALLEY CORPORATION LTD 84
SEED CO LTD 87
STARAFRICA CORPORATION LTD 91
TANGANDA TEA COMPANY LTD 94
TRIANGLE SUGAR CORPORATION LTD 97
UNITED REFINERIES LTD 99
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