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Manufacture of Basic Chemicals, Other Chemicals and Industrial Gases in South Africa
BY Stephen Timm
South Africa
02 February 2021
R 14 400.00 (ZAR)  
estimated $ 966.82 (USD) *
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Manufacture of Basic Chemicals, Other Chemicals and Industrial Gases


Production and revenue in chemical manufacturing, South Africa’s third-largest manufacturing sector, declined in the initial months after the March 2020 imposition of a lockdown to tackle the coronavirus pandemic, but recovered quickly subsequently, although recent production has largely remained below 2015 levels. Karoo shale gas reserves and two recent gas discoveries look set to transform South Africa’s reliance on depleting local gas reserves and gas imports, and could potentially provide abundant and low cost inputs into the chemical industry. Efforts are underway to develop a green hydrogen sector.


Gas Discoveries


Significant local gas reserve discoveries include shale gas in the Karoo and potentially large offshore discoveries. Total announced in October 2020 that it had made a second significant gas condensate discovery 175km off the southern coast of South Africa in the Outeniqua Basin. This follows its 2019 announcement of a potential 1 billion barrels of wet gas in Brulpadda off the south coast. These discoveries could decrease the costs of raw materials used in the production of chemicals and reduce energy costs, increase local gas reserves which are near depletion and help provide South Africa with energy security.


Dry Ice


While demand for dry ice has fallen since the onset of the pandemic, demand could grow when the vaccine roll-out gains momentum. Pfizer and Moderna’s vaccines are required to be stored in sub-zero temperatures. The use of dry ice for vaccine storage could provide some relief for dry ice manufacturers under pressure due to the alcohol ban, decline in tourism, closure of hotels, restaurants and beaches and suspension of major sports and other events.


Report Coverage


This report focuses on the manufacture of basic chemicals, speciality chemicals and industrial gases, including additional coverage of the manufacture of dry ice. It includes comprehensive information on the state and size of the sector, trade and other statistics, and recent developments. There are profiles of 25 companies including major players such as Sasol, Omnia and Foskor. This report includes profiles of dry ice companies such as Sidewinder Dry Ice and Gas, Dry Ice International and Dry Ice Solutions.


Page
1. INTRODUCTION 1
2. DESCRIPTION OF THE INDUSTRY 1
2.1. Industry Value Chain 3
2.2. Geographic Position 6
3. SIZE OF THE INDUSTRY 7
4. STATE OF THE INDUSTRY 7
4.1. Local 7
4.1.1. Trade 19
4.1.2. Corporate Actions 21
4.1.3. Regulations 24
4.1.4. Enterprise Development and Social Economic Development 26
4.2. Continental 27
4.3. International 29
5. INFLUENCING FACTORS 31
5.1. Coronavirus 31
5.2. Economic Environment 34
5.3. Government Support 35
5.4. jTechnology, Research and Development (R&D) and Innovation 36
5.5. Labour 37
5.6. Environmental Concerns 40
6. COMPETITION 42
6.1. Barriers to Entry 43
7. SWOT ANALYSIS 44
8. OUTLOOK 45
9. INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS 46
10. REFERENCES 46
10.1. Publications 46
10.2. Websites 47
APPENDIX 1 49
Summary of Notable players 49
COMPANY PROFILES 55
AECI LTD 55
AFRICAN OXYGEN LTD 61
AIR LIQUIDE (PTY) LTD 67
AIR PRODUCTS SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 70
BASF SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 73
BROTHER CISA (PTY) LTD 75
BUCKMAN LABORATORIES (PTY) LTD 77
CLARIANT SOUTHERN AFRICA (PTY) LTD 79
DOW SOUTHERN AFRICA (PTY) LTD 81
DRY ICE INTERNATIONAL CC 83
DRY ICE SOLUTIONS SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 85
ENGEN PETROLEUM LTD 87
EVONIK PEROXIDE AFRICA (PTY) LTD 91
FOSKOR (PTY) LTD 93
GOLD REEF SPECIALITY CHEMICALS (PTY) LTD 97
NCP CHLORCHEM (PTY) LTD 99
OMNIA HOLDINGS LTD 101
ORION ENGINEERED CARBONS (PTY) LTD 105
ORTHOCHEM (PTY) LTD 107
PELCHEM (PTY) LTD 109
RICHBAY CHEMICALS (PTY) LTD 111
ROLFES HOLDINGS (PTY) LTD 113
SASOL SOUTH AFRICA LTD 116
SHELL DOWNSTREAM SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 120
SIDEWINDER DRY ICE AND GAS (PTY) LTD 122