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The Manufacture of Basic Chemicals, Other Chemicals and Industrial Gases Industry in South Africa 2021

Stephen Timm | South Africa | 02 February 2021

The Manufacture of Basic Chemicals, Other Chemicals and Industrial Gases Industry in South Africa 2019

Ebrahim-Khalil Hassen | South Africa | 05 July 2019

The Manufacture of Basic Chemicals, Other Chemicals and Industrial Gases Industry in South Africa 2017

Ebrahim-Khali Hassen | South Africa | 02 October 2017

The Manufacture of Basic Chemicals, Other Chemicals and Industrial Gases Industry in South Africa 2015

Brenda Young | South Africa | 24 March 2015

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Introduction

This report focuses on the manufacture of basic chemicals, speciality chemicals and industrial gases. According to the Chemical and Allied Industries Association (Caia) and InvestSA, the local chemical manufacturing market is valued at about R361.4bn in sales. It contributes 3.4% to GDP and is the third-largest manufacturing sector (contributing 22.8% to manufacturing), with exports in 2019 of R48.4bn in inorganic chemicals, organic chemicals and miscellaneous chemical products. Production and revenue declined in the initial months after the March 2020 imposition of a lockdown to tackle the coronavirus pandemic but recovered quickly subsequently. Karoo shale gas reserves as well as two recent gas discoveries look set to transform South Africa’s reliance on depleting local gas reserves and gas imports and could potentially provide abundant and low cost inputs into the chemical industry. In addition, a number of efforts are underway to develop a green hydrogen sector, which could help gas producers to lower their carbon levels, while creating a new export sector.

Strengths

• Consistent interventions via industrial policy initiatives to support the chemicals industry.
• Diversification of chemical companies outside the traditional hub at Sasolburg.
• Potential to exploit new gas in the Karoo and offshore in Brulpadda and Luiperd.

Weaknesses

• Companies battle to attract significant amounts of capital because of South Africa’s uncertain political economic environment.
• Imports of feedstock and other chemicals have increased.
• Increasing shortage of skills.
• Locally-processed goods are less competitive in global export markets.
• Low levels of product beneficiation, particularly in the specialty chemical sector.
• Relatively low levels of research and development compared to the global chemical industry.
• Shortage of gas to meet local demand.

Opportunities

• Government’s commitment to a strategy for the sector.
• Green chemistry and hydrogen economy offer significant opportunities for companies in South Africa.
• Increased demand for dry ice as an industrial cleaning agent.
• Opportunities in new gas finds could provide a locally-available source of fuel and feedstock for chemicals.
• The demand for carbon dioxide to manufacture dry ice could increase, with the expected delivery in South Africa in 2021 of vaccines to combat the pandemic.

Threats

• Increasing volumes of cheap imports, which threaten the local manufacture of basic chemicals.
• Locally-produced natural gas which is expected to run out at the end of 2020, leaving the country dependent on imported gas.
• Low price of imports.
• Shortage of skilled manpower.
• South Africa risks losing a fifth of its refining capacity as refineries are temporarily shut.
• The coronavirus pandemic which has suppressed fuels and chemicals demand.

Outlook

The chemical sector recovered quickly following the initial months of the lockdown introduced in March 2020 to tackle the coronavirus pandemic. Sasol in July 2020 said it expected an increase in commodity chemicals supply as new Chinese capacity comes online. This, combined with weak near-term demand, could keep chemical prices low in the short term. Oil price volatility and the pandemic could add further pressure on prices and volumes, the company warned. It said additional cracker capacity will be brought online in 2021, increasing ethane demand. Lower competition from alternate feedstocks and higher gas prices also place upward pressure on ethane prices. In July 2020 it forecast polyethylene prices in the year to June 2021 to range between US$750 to US$850 a ton, compared to an average of US$760 between January and June 2020. For ethane it expects prices to average US20c to US30c a gallon in the year to June 2021 compared to an average of US17c between January and June 2020. While new gas finds in South Africa are set to propel the use of gas as both an energy source and feedstock, these are not expected to come online until 2028. The Industrial Gas Users Association - Southern Africa estimates that demand for industrial gases will grow by 2% a year over the long term, with the expected demand growth set to make gas the biggest fossil fuel in use by 2040. The association says liquefied natural gas will play a critical role in meeting demand with expected annual growth rates of 4% to 5%.

The Manufacture of Basic Chemicals, Other Chemicals and Industrial Gases Industry in South Africa
The Manufacture of Basic Chemicals, Other Chemicals and Industrial Gases Industry in South Africa 2021

Full Report

R 1 900.00(ZAR) estimated $104.58 (USD)*

Industry Landscape

R 1 330.00(ZAR) estimated $ 73.21 (USD)*

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The Manufacture of Basic Chemicals, Other Chemicals and Industrial Gases Industry in South Africa 2019-07-05

R 1 900.00(ZAR) estimated $104.58 (USD)*

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The Manufacture of Basic Chemicals, Other Chemicals and Industrial Gases Industry in South Africa 2017-10-02

R 1 900.00(ZAR) estimated $104.58 (USD)*

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The Manufacture of Basic Chemicals, Other Chemicals and Industrial Gases Industry in South Africa 2015-03-24

R 1 900.00(ZAR) estimated $104.58 (USD)*

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Table of Contents

[ Close ]
PAGE
1. INTRODUCTION 1
2. DESCRIPTION OF THE INDUSTRY 1
2.1. Industry Value Chain 3
2.2. Geographic Position 6
3. SIZE OF THE INDUSTRY 7
4. STATE OF THE INDUSTRY 7
4.1. Local 7
4.1.1. Trade 19
4.1.2. Corporate Actions 21
4.1.3. Regulations 24
4.1.4. Enterprise Development and Social Economic Development 26
4.2. Continental 27
4.3. International 29
5. INFLUENCING FACTORS 31
5.1. Coronavirus 31
5.2. Economic Environment 34
5.3. Government Support 35
5.4. jTechnology, Research and Development (R&D) and Innovation 36
5.5. Labour 37
5.6. Environmental Concerns 40
6. COMPETITION 42
6.1. Barriers to Entry 43
7. SWOT ANALYSIS 44
8. OUTLOOK 45
9. INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS 46
10. REFERENCES 46
10.1. Publications 46
10.2. Websites 47
APPENDIX 1 49
Summary of Notable players 49
COMPANY PROFILES 55
AECI LTD 55
AFRICAN OXYGEN LTD 61
AIR LIQUIDE (PTY) LTD 67
AIR PRODUCTS SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 70
BASF SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 73
BROTHER CISA (PTY) LTD 75
BUCKMAN LABORATORIES (PTY) LTD 77
CLARIANT SOUTHERN AFRICA (PTY) LTD 79
DOW SOUTHERN AFRICA (PTY) LTD 81
DRY ICE INTERNATIONAL CC 83
DRY ICE SOLUTIONS SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 85
ENGEN PETROLEUM LTD 87
EVONIK PEROXIDE AFRICA (PTY) LTD 91
FOSKOR (PTY) LTD 93
GOLD REEF SPECIALITY CHEMICALS (PTY) LTD 97
NCP CHLORCHEM (PTY) LTD 99
OMNIA HOLDINGS LTD 101
ORION ENGINEERED CARBONS (PTY) LTD 105
ORTHOCHEM (PTY) LTD 107
PELCHEM (PTY) LTD 109
RICHBAY CHEMICALS (PTY) LTD 111
ROLFES HOLDINGS (PTY) LTD 113
SASOL SOUTH AFRICA LTD 116
SHELL DOWNSTREAM SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 120
SIDEWINDER DRY ICE AND GAS (PTY) LTD 122

Report Coverage

This report focuses on the manufacture of basic chemicals, speciality chemicals and industrial gases. It includes information on the size and state of the industry, and the factors that influence its success. There are profiles of 22 companies including major players such as Sasol, Shell Downstream, AECI and Omnia as well as specialist producers such as Foskor and Evonik Peroxide.

Introduction

This report focuses on the manufacture of basic chemicals, speciality chemicals and industrial gases. In 2017 the chemicals sector contributed just under 3% of GDP and accounted for 21.4% of total manufacturing GDP in the country. Sales in 2018 were estimated at R220bn. The sector receives government support as it creates jobs and supports exports. There has been little increase in production since the early 2000s. Key events for the sector will be decisions on whether shale gas exploration is permitted, and whether the discovery of a potential 1 billion barrels of gas off South Africa’s coast could potentially provide abundant and low cost inputs into the chemical industry.

Strengths

• Consistent interventions via industrial policy initiatives to support the chemicals industry.
• Diversification of chemical companies outside of the traditional hub at Sasolburg.
• Potential to exploit new gas in the Karoo and Brulpadda.

Weaknesses

• Imports of feedstock and other chemicals has increased.
• Increasing shortage of skills.
• Locally-processed goods are less competitive in global export markets.
• Low levels of product beneficiation, particularly in the specialty chemical sector.
• Relatively low levels of research and development compared to the global chemical industry.

Opportunities

• Government’s infrastructure plan and commitment to a strategy for the sector.
• Green chemistry and hydrogen economy
• offer significant opportunities for companies in South Africa.
• Opportunities in new gas finds could provide a locally-available source of fuel and feedstock for chemicals.

Threats

• Increasing volumes of cheaper imports, which threaten the local manufacture of basic chemicals.
• Low price of imports.
• Shortage of skilled manpower.

Outlook

The chemical sector has the potential for significant growth due to the possibility of cheaper feedstock from the Brulpadda gas fields. The availability of gas from Brulpadda is however contingent on meeting environmental regulations and on companies in the chemical sector being able to reach supply agreements. The industry requires some impetus as production levels have remaining more or less constant in recent years. South African companies will need to remain on top of technological advancement to remain relevant.

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The Manufacture of Basic Chemicals, Other Chemicals and Industrial Gases Industry in South Africa
The Manufacture of Basic Chemicals, Other Chemicals and Industrial Gases Industry in South Africa 2019

Full Report

R 1 900.00(ZAR) estimated $104.58 (USD)*

Industry Landscape

R 1 330.00(ZAR) estimated $ 73.21 (USD)*

Historical Reports

The Manufacture of Basic Chemicals, Other Chemicals and Industrial Gases Industry in South Africa 2021-02-02

R 1 900.00(ZAR) estimated $104.58 (USD)*

View Report Add to Cart

The Manufacture of Basic Chemicals, Other Chemicals and Industrial Gases Industry in South Africa 2017-10-02

R 1 900.00(ZAR) estimated $104.58 (USD)*

View Report Add to Cart

The Manufacture of Basic Chemicals, Other Chemicals and Industrial Gases Industry in South Africa 2015-03-24

R 1 900.00(ZAR) estimated $104.58 (USD)*

View Report Add to Cart

Table of Contents

[ Close ]
PAGE
1. INTRODUCTION 1
2. DESCRIPTION OF THE INDUSTRY 1
2.1. Industry Supply Chain 2
2.2. Geographic Position 3
3. SIZE OF THE INDUSTRY 4
4. STATE OF THE INDUSTRY 4
4.1. Local 4
4.1.1. Corporate Actions 8
4.1.2. Regulations 9
4.1.3. Enterprise Development and Social Economic Development 10
4.2. Continental 11
4.3. International 11
5. INFLUENCING FACTORS 13
5.1. Economic Environment 13
5.2. Technology, Research and Development (R&D) and Innovation 14
5.3. Labour 14
5.4. Environmental Concerns 16
6. COMPETITION 17
6.1. Barriers to Entry 18
7. SWOT ANALYSIS 18
8. OUTLOOK 19
9. INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS 19
10. REFERENCES 20
10.1. Publications 20
10.2. Websites 22
APPENDIX 1 23
Summary of Notable Players 23
COMPANY PROFILES 28
AECI LTD 28
AFRICAN OXYGEN LTD 34
AIR LIQUIDE (PTY) LTD 40
AIR PRODUCTS SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 43
BASF SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 46
BUCKMAN LABORATORIES (PTY) LTD 48
CLARIANT SOUTHERN AFRICA (PTY) LTD 50
DOW SOUTHERN AFRICA (PTY) LTD 52
ENGEN PETROLEUM LTD 54
EVONIK PEROXIDE AFRICA (PTY) LTD 58
FOSKOR (PTY) LTD 60
GOLD REEF SPECIALITY CHEMICALS (PTY) LTD 64
LANXESS (PTY) LTD 66
NCP CHLORCHEM (PTY) LTD 69
OMNIA HOLDINGS LTD 71
ORION ENGINEERED CARBONS (PTY) LTD 75
ORTHOCHEM (PTY) LTD 77
PELCHEM (PTY) LTD 79
RICHBAY CHEMICALS (PTY) LTD 81
ROLFES HOLDINGS LTD 83
SASOL SOUTH AFRICA LTD 87
SHELL DOWNSTREAM SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 90

Report Coverage

The report on the manufacture of basic chemicals, speciality chemicals and industrial gases in South Africa examines current conditions and developments as well as factors that influence the success of the sector including the regulatory uncertainty that exists. Profiles are provided for 27 companies including Rolfes Holdings Ltd which manufactures speciality chemical and organic products for the industrial, agricultural, food and water sectors. Also profiled are Orthochem (Pty) Ltd, a company based in the Free State that supplies raw chemicals for the water purification industry, and Shell Downstream South Africa (Pty) Ltd which produces hydrocarbons, industrial chemicals, lacquer thinners and solvent blends.

Introduction

This report focuses on the manufacture of basic chemicals, speciality chemicals and industrial gases. In 2015 the chemicals sector contributed 3% towards GDP and accounted for 21.9% of total manufacturing GDP in the country. The sector receives government support as the beneficiation of chemicals has the potential to grow the economy and increase employment levels. Currency fluctuation is problematic for the sector and the government’s decision on whether to go ahead with shale gas exploration, which could provide affordable feedstock for a range of products, is an important one.

Strengths

• Established chemicals sector with high levels of capital investment.
• For atmospheric gases, the supply of raw materials is never ending.
• Long established and dominant coal to fuel supply chain.
• South African companies have linkages into other African countries.
• The wide range of end-users, with chemicals and gas needed for all manufacturing sectors.

Weaknesses

• Continued reliance on imported feedstock.
• Energy-intensive production processes and environmental impact of these processes.
• Increasing shortage of skills.
• Locally processed goods are less competitive in global export markets.
• Low levels of product beneficiation, particularly in the specialty chemical sector.
• Relatively low levels of research and development, compared to the global chemical industry.

Opportunities

• Government’s infrastructure plan and commitment to develop niche policy for the sector.
• Green chemistry and hydrogen economy offer significant opportunities for companies in South Africa.
• Growing potential in African markets.
• Increasing beneficiation by downstream companies.
• Larger quantities of cheaper feedstock if natural gas is obtained from fracking.

Threats

• Currency volatility
• Increasing volumes of cheaper imports, which threaten the local manufacture of basic chemicals.
• Shortage of skilled manpower.

Outlook

Companies that manufacture chemicals especially in the downstream sector are expected to benefit from government support, but this is likely to take time. In the meantime the South African manufacturing sector will be confronted with problems as a result of low growth and elevated levels of competition globally. The industry in South Africa also seems to be beset by policy uncertainty. First, the Chemicals Management Bill needs to be clarified and secondly, policy decisions on shale gas exploration need to be made. Analysts believe that resolving these policy questions quickly will provide the certainty that is needed in the chemicals sector.

Read More..
The Manufacture of Basic Chemicals, Other Chemicals and Industrial Gases Industry in South Africa
The Manufacture of Basic Chemicals, Other Chemicals and Industrial Gases Industry in South Africa 2017

Full Report

R 1 900.00(ZAR) estimated $104.58 (USD)*

Industry Landscape

R 1 330.00(ZAR) estimated $ 73.21 (USD)*

Historical Reports

The Manufacture of Basic Chemicals, Other Chemicals and Industrial Gases Industry in South Africa 2021-02-02

R 1 900.00(ZAR) estimated $104.58 (USD)*

View Report Add to Cart

The Manufacture of Basic Chemicals, Other Chemicals and Industrial Gases Industry in South Africa 2019-07-05

R 1 900.00(ZAR) estimated $104.58 (USD)*

View Report Add to Cart

The Manufacture of Basic Chemicals, Other Chemicals and Industrial Gases Industry in South Africa 2015-03-24

R 1 900.00(ZAR) estimated $104.58 (USD)*

View Report Add to Cart

Table of Contents

[ Close ]
PAGE
1. INTRODUCTION 1
2. DESCRIPTION OF THE INDUSTRY 1
2.1. Industry Value Chain 2
2.2. Geographic Position 3
3. SIZE OF THE INDUSTRY 4
4. STATE OF THE INDUSTRY 9
4.1. Local 9
4.1.1. Corporate Actions 12
4.1.2. Regulations 12
4.1.3. Enterprise Development and Social Economic Development 13
4.2. Continental 14
4.3. International 15
5. INFLUENCING FACTORS 16
5.1. Economic Environment 16
5.2. Government Initiatives 17
5.3. Rising Operating Costs 19
5.4. Technology, Research and Development (R&D) and Innovation 19
5.5. Labour 20
5.6. Environmental Concerns 22
6. COMPETITION 23
6.1. Barriers to Entry 24
7. SWOT ANALYSIS 25
8. OUTLOOK 25
9. INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS 26
10. REFERENCES 26
10.1. Publications 26
10.2. Websites 27
APPENDIX 1: 28
Summary of International Conventions Applicable to the Chemicals Sector 28
COMPANY PROFILES 30
AECI LTD 30
AFRICAN OXYGEN LTD 35
AIR LIQUIDE (PTY) LTD 41
AIR PRODUCTS SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 44
BASF SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 47
BUCKMAN LABORATORIES (PTY) LTD 49
CHEMICAL INITIATIVES (PTY) LTD 51
CLARIANT SOUTHERN AFRICA (PTY) LTD 53
DOW SOUTHERN AFRICA (PTY) LTD 55
ENGEN PETROLEUM LTD 57
EVONIK PEROXIDE AFRICA (PTY) LTD 60
FOSKOR (PTY) LTD 62
GOLD REEF SPECIALITY CHEMICALS (PTY) LTD 67
IMPROCHEM (PTY) LTD 69
INDUSTRIAL OLEOCHEMICAL PRODUCTS (PTY) LTD 72
KAP DIVERSIFIED INDUSTRIAL (PTY) LTD 74
LANXESS (PTY) LTD 77
NCP CHLORCHEM (PTY) LTD 80
OMNIA HOLDINGS LTD 82
ORGANIC CHEMICAL CORPORATION (PTY) LTD 86
ORION ENGINEERED CARBONS (PTY) LTD 88
ORTHOCHEM (PTY) LTD 90
PELCHEM (PTY) LTD 92
RICHBAY CHEMICALS (PTY) LTD 94
ROLFES HOLDINGS LTD 96
SASOL SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 100
SHELL DOWNSTREAM SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 103

Report Coverage

This report examines the major activities of the sector, the size and state of the industry and how government is trying to address the trade imbalance through beneficiation, which should boost the country's value-added exports. The report profiles 34 companies, including the three major producers of industrial and compressed gas in South Africa: Afrox, with its parent company Linde; Air Liquide and Air Products, which collectively hold the major share of the market.

Introduction

This report focuses on the manufacture of basic chemicals, speciality chemicals and industrial gases. South Africa’s chemical industry is well established and globally competitive, using world class technology. The government has committed itself to improving the downstream sector of South Africa’s chemical industry which has been identified as having substantial growth and employment potential. Beneficiation remains a key strategic focus in terms of development of the local chemical industry as it adds more value to domestic mineral resources ahead of export. This provides the country with greater economic value and increased numbers of people employed. The South African chemical industry has an estimated value of R370bn and the sector is South Africa’s fourth largest employer providing 200,000 jobs.

Strengths

• Access to raw materials with abundant mineral resources.
• For atmospheric gases, the supply of raw materials is never ending.
• Presence of global multinationals encourages technology transfers.
• The wide range of end-users, with chemicals and gas needed for all manufacturing sectors.
• There are some local companies that develop and market higher-value chemicals.
• Well established chemicals sector with high levels of capital investment.

Weaknesses

• Energy-intensive production processes and environmental impact of these processes.
• Increasing shortage of skills.
• Locally processed goods are less competitive in global export markets.
• Low levels of product beneficiation, particularly in the speciality chemical sector.
• Relatively low levels of research and development, compared to the global chemical industry.
• Reliance on imported feedstock.
• Volatility of the local currency along with fluctuations in the prices of feedstock.

Opportunities

• Energy currently supplied from fossil fuels could be replaced by hydrogen.
• Government’s infrastructure plans expected to stimulate growth in demand for products of chemical end-user markets.
• Green chemistry will reduce or eliminate the use and generation of hazardous substances.
• Growing potential in African markets, especially in the water chemicals market.
• Increased beneficiation in the downstream sector.
• Shale gas exploitation could result in lower raw material prices.

Threats

• Cheap imports, which threaten the local manufacture of basic chemicals.
• Decline in the consumption of chemicals in certain end-user segments such as paper, printing and photography film.
• Demand for electricity is higher than current supply. Frequent power outages disrupt the industry.
• Shortage of skilled manpower.

Outlook

Although the government supports the development of the local downstream chemical sector and there are substantial beneficiation opportunities, the manufacturing sector is facing difficult times. Electricity supply issues and volatility in the oil price further compound the situation and thus growth in the South African economy is expected to remain weak during 2015. Demand for chemicals in Africa is growing due to a booming construction market, the rising population and increased urbanisation but AECI’s Mark Dytor cautioned that the outlook for the global economy and commodity prices remains uncertain. On a more positive note, the possibility of shale gas exploration and exploitation in the Karoo could provide South Africa with a source of low-cost feedstock.

Read More..
The Manufacture of Basic Chemicals, Other Chemicals and Industrial Gases Industry in South Africa
The Manufacture of Basic Chemicals, Other Chemicals and Industrial Gases Industry in South Africa 2015

Full Report

R 1 900.00(ZAR) estimated $104.58 (USD)*

Industry Landscape

R 1 330.00(ZAR) estimated $ 73.21 (USD)*

Historical Reports

The Manufacture of Basic Chemicals, Other Chemicals and Industrial Gases Industry in South Africa 2021-02-02

R 1 900.00(ZAR) estimated $104.58 (USD)*

View Report Add to Cart

The Manufacture of Basic Chemicals, Other Chemicals and Industrial Gases Industry in South Africa 2019-07-05

R 1 900.00(ZAR) estimated $104.58 (USD)*

View Report Add to Cart

The Manufacture of Basic Chemicals, Other Chemicals and Industrial Gases Industry in South Africa 2017-10-02

R 1 900.00(ZAR) estimated $104.58 (USD)*

View Report Add to Cart

Table of Contents

[ Close ]
PAGE
1. INTRODUCTION 1
2. DESCRIPTION OF THE INDUSTRY 1
2.1. Industry Supply Chain 4
2.2. Geographic Position 5
3. SIZE OF THE INDUSTRY 6
4. STATE OF THE INDUSTRY 16
4.1. Local 16
4.1.1. Corporate Actions 20
4.1.2. Regulations 20
4.1.3. Enterprise Development and Social Economic Development 23
4.2. Continental 24
4.3. International 26
5. INFLUENCING FACTORS 28
5.1. Economic Environment 28
5.2. Rising Input Costs 28
5.3. Government Incentives and Support 29
5.4. Labour 31
5.5. Cyclicality 34
5.6. Information Technology 34
5.7. Environmental Concerns 35
6. COMPETITION 37
6.1. Barriers to Entry 38
6.2. Substitute Products / Alternatives 38
6.3. Technology, Research and Development (R&D) and Innovation 39
7. SWOT ANALYSIS 41
8. OUTLOOK 42
9. INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS 42
10. REFERENCES 43
10.1. Publications 43
10.2. Websites 44
APPENDIX 1 46
International Conventions for Chemicals 46
APPENDIX 2 49
South Africa’s Main Trade Agreements 49
APPENDIX 3 53
Government Support and Incentives 53
ORGANOGRAM 56
COMPANY PROFILES 59
AECI LTD 59
AFRICAN OXYGEN LTD 65
AIR LIQUIDE (PTY) LTD 70
AIR PRODUCTS SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 73
AKULU-MARCHON (PTY) LTD 77
BASF SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 80
BAYER (PTY) LTD 85
BUCKMAN LABORATORIES (PTY) LTD 89
CHEMICAL INITIATIVES (PTY) LTD 91
CJP CHEMICALS (PTY) LTD 94
CLARIANT SOUTHERN AFRICA (PTY) LTD 96
DELTA EMD LTD 98
DOW AGROSCIENCES SOUTHERN AFRICA (PTY) LTD 102
DOW SOUTHERN AFRICA (PTY) LTD 104
DUPONT DE NEMOURS SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 108
ENGEN PETROLEUM LTD 110
EVONIK PEROXIDE AFRICA (PTY) LTD 113
FOSKOR (PTY) LTD 115
GOLD REEF SPECIALITY CHEMICALS (PTY) LTD 120
IMPROCHEM (PTY) LTD 122
INDUSTRIAL OLEOCHEMICAL PRODUCTS (PTY) LTD 125
LAKE INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGIES (PTY) LTD 127
LANXESS (PTY) LTD 130
MERISOL RSA (PTY) LTD 132
NCP CHLORCHEM (PTY) LTD 134
OMNIA HOLDINGS LTD 137
ORGANIC CHEMICAL CORPORATION (PTY) LTD 141
ORION ENGINEERED CARBONS (PTY) LTD 142
ORTHOCHEM (PTY) LTD 144
PELCHEM SOC LTD 146
ROLFES HOLDINGS LTD 148
SAFRIPOL (PTY) LTD 152
SASOL CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES (PTY) LTD 155
SHELL SOUTH AFRICA ENERGY (PTY) LTD 160
TIOXIDE SOUTHERN AFRICA (PTY) LTD 162