Who Owns Whom

Uganda

Country Code: 800

ISO2 Code: UG

ISO3 Code: UGA

Country Economic Snapshot

2020-06-15

Although Uganda is endowed with substantial natural resources, it remains one of the world's least-developed economies.

The country, with a population of 43 million, has a GDP of US$27.5bn, ranking it 18th on the continent.

While about 700,000 young people reach working age every year, only 75,000 jobs are created per year. This leaves more than 70% of Ugandans employed in agriculture, mainly on a subsistence basis. An average of one million young people are expected to reach working age between 2030-2040.

Uganda has a generous refugee policy and has had an influx of foreigners mainly from the DRC and South Sudan who enjoy access to social services, land and can move and work freely. However, the continued influx is straining host communities and service delivery.

Since the late 1980s, the state's macroeconomic policies have consistently focused on containing inflation and ensuring exchange rate stability. President Yoweri Museveni's government has made industrial sector development the centre of the state's socio-economic development plan. The industrial sector accounts for 18% of GDP, and is largely dependent on imported inputs like oil and equipment.

To address increasing demand for electricity and to develop oil and gas reserves in the Albertine Graben (Mwitanzigye) region, government has allocated funds for the following interventions.
- Completion of the 250MW Bujagali hydropower project.
- Construction of the 600MW Karuma hydropower project.
- Completion of preliminary work on 140MW Isimba hydropower plant, which will be developed with private sector financing, and completion of the feasibility of the first phase of the 600MW Ayago hydropower plant.
- Commencement of preliminary work on the construction of an oil refinery near Hoima.
- Construction of a petroleum resources database at the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development.

Info

Capital Kampala
Currency (Name, Abbreviation, Symbol) Ugandan shilling , UGX , USh
Area 241,038 sq km
Type of Government presidential republic
Languages English (official national language, taught in grade schools, used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages, preferred for native language publications in the capital and may be taught in school), other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic
Natural Resources copper, cobalt, hydropower, limestone, salt, arable land, gold
Type of Industry sugar, brewing, tobacco, cotton textiles; cement, steel production
Stock Exchange Uganda Securities Exchange
Stock Exchange Location Kampala
Stock Exchange Founded 1997
Tax Rate: Corporate 30%
Tax Rate: Individual 40%
Natural Resources copper, cobalt, hydropower, limestone, salt, arable land, gold

Latest available information as sourced from:

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