Who Owns Whom

Mining In Central Africa

Alex Conradie | Algeria | 04 August 2021

Mining in Central Africa

Central Africa is a significant producer of the world’s cobalt, tantalum, manganese, diamonds and copper. The region’s mining industry is benefiting from rising demand for a variety of minerals as the world economy recovers after the easing of coronavirus lockdowns. The region contains deposits of a range of minerals, many of which are not exploited. While a large number of companies are involved in the region’s mining sector, artisanal mining also plays a large role. The majority of the minerals produced in Central Africa are exported for further processing

Challenging Environment

Dozens of exploration and mining companies are actively exploring the region, which has some challenges, including a lack of skilled workers and inadequate infrastructure such as roads and electricity. Central Africa’s transport costs are increased by poor road infrastructure while the logistics of delivering heavy equipment and materials to build a mine in remote areas, where the road systems are poor, pose a challenge.

Government Involvement

The mining sector has been identified by most countries in the region as a potential catalyst for economic development, and there is a determined effort to develop the sector and to make it more attractive to investors. For example, Gabon plans to attract mining investment while the DRC is addressing concerns around artisanal mining and Equatorial Guinea signed the country’s first mining contracts in its history. Mining companies experience difficulties in some countries, for example, as licences have been revoked or the award of licences has not been transparent.

Report Coverage

This report focuses on mining in central Africa, covering Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of Congo, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and Sao Tomé and Principe. It includes information on mineral occurrences and major mining and exploration activity in these countries, trade and corporate actions, investment and developments. There are profiles of 19 companies operating in the region such as China Molybdenum Company, China Railway Group, , Glencore, Kibali Goldmines, Kore Potash and Rainbow Rare Earths.

Table of Contents

PAGE
1. INTRODUCTION 1
2. REGION INFORMATION 1
3. DESCRIPTION OF THE INDUSTRY 2
3.1. Industry Value Chain 5
3.2. Geographic Position 6
4. SIZE OF THE INDUSTRY 12
5. STATE OF THE INDUSTRY 14
5.1. Local 14
5.1.1. Trade 17
5.1.2. Corporate Actions 21
5.1.3. Regulations 24
5.2. Continental 27
5.3. International 27
6. INFLUENCING FACTORS 28
6.1. Coronavirus 28
6.2. Economic Environment 29
6.3. Technology, Research and Development (R&D) and Innovation 29
6.4. Lack of Infrastructure 30
6.5. Government Incentives and Support 31
6.6. Environmental Concerns 32
6.7. Labour 32
7. COMPETITION 34
7.1. Barriers to Entry 34
8. SWOT ANALYSIS 34
9. OUTLOOK 35
10. INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS 35
11. REFERENCES 36
11.1. Publications 36
11.2. Websites 36
APPENDIX 1 38
Summary of Notable Players 38
COMPANY PROFILES 43
ALPHAMIN RESOURCES CORPORATION 43
AVESORO RESOURCES INC. 46
AVZ MINERALS LTD 49
CAM IRON SA 51
CAMEROON ALUMINA LTD 53
CHEMAF SPRL 55
CHINA MOLYBDENUM COMPANY LTD 57
CHINA RAILWAY GROUP LTD 59
COMPAGNIE MINIERE DE I'OGOOUE S.A. 65
ERAMET S.A. 67
GLENCORE PLC 71
IVANHOE MINES LTD 79
JINCHUAN GROUP INTERNATIONAL RESOURCES CO LTD 82
KIBALI GOLDMINES S.A. 85
KORE POTASH PLC 87
KROPZ PLC 90
LA GENERALE DES CARRIERES ET DES MINES S.A. 92
MANAGEM S.A. 94
SOCIETE MINIERE DE BISUNZU SARL 98
SOMIKA S.A.R.L. 100
ZANAGA IRON ORE COMPANY LTD 101