The detailed report on the Mozambican Petroleum Industry focuses on the manufacture and retail of petroleum products from crude oil and natural gas. Profiles are provided for 11 companies, including BP Mozambique which owns 28 retail outlets, 35% of the market’s supply of lubricants and 50% of aviation fuels supply. Also profiled is competitor, Total which announced in 2016 that it would invest US$50m on the expansion of its local service station network, increasing the number of service stations from 43 to 60 in an attempt to obtain 30% of the market by the end of 2017.
The Mozambican Petroleum Industry
Mozambique is a net importer of refined petroleum products with the state-owned oil company, Petróleos de Moçambique SARL (Petromoc) and its subsidiary, Importadora Moçambicana de Petroleos (IMOPETRO), handling virtually all fuel imports. Petrol and diesel, kerosene, paraffin wax and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) are the petroleum products currently imported into Mozambique. According to the World Bank’s 2017 Economic Update, the value of fuel imports, excluding LPG, totalled US$192m in the first quarter of 2017, up 57% compared to the same quarter the previous year.
Currently the Mozambican upstream segment is involved mainly in exploration. The discovery of the Coral natural gas field offshore in the Rovuma Basin, which contains approximately 16 trillion cubic feet of gas and has reserves of an estimated 100 trillion cubic feet, has the potential to turn Mozambique into a major liquefied natural gas (LNG) producer. However, the civil war that began in 1977 two years after the end of a 20-year war for independence that freed the country from Portuguese rule resulted in the destruction of infrastructure and means of production, effectively decimating the Mozambican economy. Only once the development stage is complete and the necessary infrastructure has been constructed can LNG production start.