Who Owns Whom

Trends in South African Agri-Business

Louise Mitchell | South Africa | 02 August 2021

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Trends in South African Agri-business

Agri-business has multiple sub-sectors including maize and wheat milling, the production of livestock, dairy and horticulture. South Africa is a major producer and net exporter of finished processed food products, and food exports grew substantially in 2020. New technology and vertical integration are driving change in the industry. Challenges include tariff protection in various geographies, animal diseases, security issues on farms and the consequences of climate change. Constraints such as rising input costs, supply disruptions, dumping and illegal trade affect operating income.

Dominant Players

While there are many food production companies in South Africa, the industry is dominated by a small number of large players. High levels of market concentration, often through vertical integration, create high barriers to entry. The flour and grain milling industry is concentrated and controlled by a handful of farmers, silo owners and manufacturers. In the poultry sector, large companies are outsourcing some operations, which creates opportunity for small players.

Trends

Current trends include product innovation in line with consumer behaviour, such as demand for organic and plant-based foods. Regulatory changes and regulations such as sugar taxes and sodium content limits have posed challenges and prompted product changes. Supply and supply chain disruptions due to the pandemic led to some shortages and price increases. Cheap imports, intermittent bans during lockdown and the significant growth of illegal trade in tobacco and liquor products and have had a dramatic effect on these industries.

Report Coverage

This report focuses on trends in South African agri-business across several sub-sectors, with cross-references to Who Owns Whom reports on these sectors. The report includes information on trends in farming and processing, investments, trade, corporate actions and other industry developments. It refers to over 20 Who Owns Whom reports covering everything from the fresh fruit and vegetables industry to the manufacture of dairy products, sugar and animal feeds, the liquor and tobacco industries and trade in agricultural raw materials and livestock.

Table of Contents

PAGE
1. INTRODUCTION 1
2. DESCRIPTION OF THE INDUSTRY 1
2.1. Industry Value Chain 3
3. SIZE OF THE INDUSTRY 4
4. COMPETITION 8
5. STATE OF THE INDUSTRY 10
5.1. Coronavirus 10
5.2. Trade 12
5.3. Corporate Actions 14
5.4. Continental 15
6. TRENDS 17
6.1. Trends in Farming 18
6.2. Trends in Agricultural Products (Primary) Processing 19
6.3. Trends in Food (Secondary) Processing 20
7. INFLUENCING FACTORS 23
7.1. Investments 23
7.1.1. Major Transactions 24
7.1.2. Capacity Expansion and Utilisation 25
7.2. Government Initiatives 27
7.3. Unreliable Water and Electricity Supply 28
8. PESTLE ANALYSIS 28
9. OUTLOOK 30
10. REFERENCES 30
10.1. Publications 30
10.2. Websites 31
APPENDIX 1 32
List of Sectors Covered 32