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The Agri-Business Sector in Zambia
BY Alex Conradie
Zambia
23 July 2019
R 14 400.00 (ZAR)  
estimated $ 1 011.83 (USD) *
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The Agri-Business Sector in Zambia


The agricultural sector contributed only 6.7% to Zambia’s gross domestic product (GDP) in 2017, but it is the most important to the country from a socio-economic point of view, employing almost 54% of the labour force in 2018. Zambia’s economy grew by an estimated 3.5% in 2018, but the economy is vulnerable to variations in the copper price, and to drought, and economic growth was mostly due to growth in the services and mining sectors that offset a contraction in the agricultural sector as a result of low rainfall.


Tough Environment


Challenges facing Zambia’s agri-business sector are the increasing cost of inputs such as electricity, fuel and wages, and competition from illegally imported edible oil. Zambia`s agriculture is predominantly rain-fed, making the sector highly dependent on weather patterns, although there are abundant surface and sub-surface water resources. Most of the irrigated land is found on commercial farms. Other challenges faced by the sector include limited mechanisation, and restricted access to credit by smallholder farmers in particular.


Commercial Farming


Large commercial farms, although they comprise a small percentage of the total number of farms, play an important role in the sector, as they account for most of the output of sugar cane, tobacco, wheat, potatoes, and soya beans. The most widely grown crops are maize, groundnuts (peanuts), sweet potatoes, cassava, rice and mixed beans. Other important crops are soya beans, sunflower, wheat, sorghum, millet and various vegetables and fruits. Challenges faced by the horticultural sector include informal markets that are uncompetitive, not regulated and non-transparent, inconsistencies in supply that cause high price volatility and large post-harvest losses, insufficient cold chain infrastructure, and disorganised marketing systems.


Report Coverage


This report covers the agri-business sector in Zambia, with comprehensive information on the size and state of the sector, production figures, investment and government actions in the sector, trade regulations and barriers to entry. There are profiles of 39 companies operating in the Zambian agri-business sector, including Zambeef Products, the largest vertically integrated food retailer, which uses more than 16,000ha each year to produce irrigated and rain-fed crops such as maize, wheat and soya beans, Mount Meru Millers Zambia, which has a 20% share of the edible oil market, Zambia Sugar, which produces more than 90% of the country’s sugar. There are profiles of a number of cotton companies including Parrogate Ginneries, China-Africa Cotton Zambia, Grafax Cotton Zambia and Alliance Ginneries, and tea companies such as Zaffico Tea, which announced plans to increase production.


Page
1. INTRODUCTION 1
2. COUNTRY INFORMATION 1
2.1. Geographic Position 2
3. DESCRIPTION OF THE INDUSTRY 3
3.1. Industry Value Chain 6
4. SIZE OF THE INDUSTRY 10
5. STATE OF THE INDUSTRY 11
5.1. Local 11
5.1.1. Trade 17
5.1.2. Corporate Actions 20
5.1.3. Regulations 20
5.2. Continental 22
5.3. International 22
6. INFLUENCING FACTORS 23
6.1. Government Support 23
6.2. Economic Environment 24
6.3. Technology, Research and Development (R&D) and Innovation 25
6.4. Environmental Concerns 26
6.5. Labour 26
6.6. Imports of Edible Oils 27
7. COMPETITION 27
7.1. Barriers to Entry 28
8. SWOT ANALYSIS 28
9. OUTLOOK 29
10. INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS 29
11. REFERENCES 30
11.1. Publications 30
11.2. Websites 31
APPENDIX 1 32
Summary of Notable Players 32
COMPANY PROFILES 39
AFGRI OPERATIONS (PTY) LTD 39
AFRICA FEEDS LTD (ZAMBIA) 43
ALLIANCE GINNERIES LTD 46
AMATHEON AGRI ZAMBIA LTD 48
AMIGO FOODS LTD 50
ANTELOPE WHOLESALE MERCHANTS LTD 52
CARGILL ZAMBIA (2009) LTD 54
CBL AGRI ZAMBIA LTD 56
CHINA-AFRICA COTTON ZAMBIA LTD 58
CONSOLIDATED FARMING LTD 59
GOUROCK ZAMBIA LTD 61
GRAFAX COTTON ZAMBIA LTD 64
KALOMO GRAIN MARKETING LTD 65
KHAL AMAZI LTD 67
MONSANTO SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 69
MOUNT MERU MILLERS ZAMBIA LTD 72
MRI SEED ZAMBIA LTD 74
MUNALI COFFEE LTD 76
NATIONAL MILLING CORPORATION LTD 77
NORTHERN COFFEE CORPORATION LTD 79
NUTRI FEEDS (PTY) LTD 81
NWK AGRI-SERVICES LTD 84
OMG GROUP HOLDINGS LTD 86
PANNAR SEED (ZAMBIA) LTD 88
PARROGATE GINNERIES LTD 90
REGITECH SOYA PROCESSING INDUSTRIES LTD 92
SEED CO ZAMBIA INTERNATIONAL LTD 94
SIMBA MILLING LTD 97
SPECIALITY FOODS (ZAMBIA) LTD 99
STAR MILLING LTD 101
SUPERIOR MILLING COMPANY LTD 102
UNIFIED CHEMICALS ZAMBIA LTD 104
YATU FOODS LTD 106
YORK FARM LTD 107
ZAFFICO TEA COMPANY LTD 109
ZAMANITA LTD 110
ZAMBEEF PRODUCTS PLC 111
ZAMBIA SUGAR PLC 117
ZAMPALM LTD 120