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Manufacture of Sugar in Eswatini
BY Natalie Bryden
Eswatini (formerly Swaziland)
14 October 2019
R 14 400.00 (ZAR)  
estimated $ 997.92 (USD) *
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Manufacture of Sugar in Eswatini


Eswatini is a major sugar producer on the continent. Sugar is the country’s main export commodity, and Eswatini is the 4th largest sugar producer in Africa and the 25th largest producer in the world. Sugar production accounts for over half of Eswatini‘s agricultural output and contributes about US$285m to the country’s gross domestic product. The industry employs more than 20,000 workers.


Growth Prospects


The area planted to sugar cane is forecast to increase by 8% to 70,000 hectares in 2019/20 with forecasts of good rainfall, increased available irrigation water, improvements in cane yields, and growth in the area planted. Sugar production is forecast to increase by 10% to 800,000 tons in 2019/20 based on an increase in sugar cane delivered to the sugar mills, better quality of sugar cane, and improved sugar mill efficiencies.


Trade Headwinds


There has been a decline in exports to the EU, one of Eswatini’s main export markets, due to low sugar prices in the EU and changes in the EU’s sugar policies which include the removal of restrictions for domestic sugar beet production and ending preferential access for sugar imports from least developing countries. Cheap imports into the Southern African Customs Union have also affected its exports in the region.


Report Coverage


This report focuses on the manufacture of sugar in Eswatini, and includes information on the state and size of the industry and the factors that influence it. There are profiles of four companies including the Royal Swaziland Sugar Corporation, which produces two-thirds of sugar in the country and a significant quantity of ethanol, Ubombo Sugar which the second largest industry player, Crookes Plantations and Tambankulu Estates.


Page
1. INTRODUCTION 1
2. COUNTRY INFORMATION 1
3. DESCRIPTION OF THE INDUSTRY 2
3.1. Industry Value Chain 4
3.2. Geographic Position 5
4. SIZE OF THE INDUSTRY 6
5. STATE OF THE INDUSTRY 7
5.1. Local 7
5.1.1. Corporate Actions 13
5.1.2. Regulations 13
5.1.3. Enterprise Development and Social Economic Development 14
5.2. Continental 15
5.3. International 16
6. INFLUENCING FACTORS 18
6.1. Finance 18
6.2. Cost 18
6.3. Global Pricing Pressure 18
6.4. Climate Change and Drought 19
6.5. Cyclicality 20
6.6. Infrastructure 20
6.7. Diseases and Pests 20
6.8. Renewable Energy 20
6.9. Corruption and Forced Evictions 22
6.10. Poverty 23
6.11. Government Initiatives 23
6.12. IFAD Projects 24
6.13. Health Concerns 24
6.14. Food Safety 25
6.15. HIV/AIDS 25
6.16. Technology, Research and Development (R&D) and Innovation 26
6.17. Political Risks 26
6.18. Labour 27
7. COMPETITION 28
7.1. Barriers to Entry 28
8. SWOT ANALYSIS 28
9. OUTLOOK 29
10. INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS 30
11. REFERENCES 30
11.1. Publications 30
11.2. Websites 31
APPENDIX 1 33
Summary of Notable Players 33
COMPANY PROFILES 34
CROOKES PLANTATIONS LTD 34
ROYAL SWAZILAND SUGAR CORPORATION LTD 36
TAMBANKULU ESTATES LTD 40
UBOMBO SUGAR LTD 42