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The Agri-Business Sector in Ethiopia
BY Alex Conradie
Ethiopia
29 November 2019
R 14 400.00 (ZAR)  
estimated $ 997.05 (USD) *
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The Agri-Business Sector in Ethiopia


Ethiopia’s agriculture, forestry and fishing sectors, which contributed 31.1% to the country’s GDP in 2018, are crucial sectors as they employ two thirds of its labour force. Smallholder farmers account for 95% of the sector’s production and commercial farms account for the balance. The agri-business sector depends on traditional farming methods and a rain-fed farming system, and the cost of production inputs and transportation is high. Ethiopia’s main staple crop is maize, while the main cash crops are coffee and sesame seed.


Coffee Production


Ethiopia is the birthplace of Arabica coffee and is the biggest coffee drinking country in Africa. Coffee is Ethiopia’s largest export product and a high-value cash crop, and is considered of strategic national importance as it employs many of the country’s people. One of the challenges faced by the coffee sector is that many coffee farmers, especially in the eastern parts of Ethiopia, are replacing the cultivation of coffee with other crops. Coffee production is decreasing due to rising temperatures and decreasing rainfall, caused by climate change. The government is advising farmers to move their coffee plantations to higher altitudes where temperatures are lower and rainfall higher.


Low Crop Yields


Despite favourable conditions for the production of a variety of crops, crop yields are low because there is limited use of improved seeds, fertilisers and pesticides, and irrigation is not widely used.


Report Coverage


This report on the Agri-Business Sector in Ethiopia examines the sector and its subsectors involved in the more than 140 different types of crops that are grown in the country. The report describes the size and state of the industry and the factors that influence it. There are profiles of 19 companies. These include the state-owned Ethiopian Sugar Corporation, the country’s only sugar producer and National Tobacco Enterprise, which has an out-grower scheme with more than 10,300 smallholder farmers. Other profiles include AQ Roses, which produces 15 rose varieties and Horizon Plantations, which owns the Bebeka coffee estate, one of the largest coffee plantations in the world.


Page
1. INTRODUCTION 1
2. COUNTRY INFORMATION 1
2.1. Geographic Position 2
3. DESCRIPTION OF THE INDUSTRY 5
3.1. Industry Value Chain 10
4. SIZE OF THE INDUSTRY 16
5. STATE OF THE INDUSTRY 17
5.1. Local 17
5.1.1. Trade 27
5.1.2. Corporate Actions 31
5.1.3. Regulations 32
5.2. Continental 34
5.3. International 35
6. INFLUENCING FACTORS 36
6.1. Government Support 36
6.2. Foreign Aid 36
6.3. Economic Environment 37
6.4. Technology, Research and Development (R&D) and Innovation 37
6.5. Environmental Concerns 39
6.6. Labour 39
7. COMPETITION 40
7.1. Barriers to Entry 40
8. SWOT ANALYSIS 41
9. OUTLOOK 41
10. INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS 42
11. REFERENCES 42
11.1. Publications 42
11.2. Websites 43
APPENDIX 1 45
Summary of Notable Players 45
COMPANY PROFILES 49
ADDIS MODJO EDIBLE OIL COMPLEX S.C. 49
AH-WAN PLC 51
AHADU PLC 53
ALEMA KOUDIJS FEED PLC 55
AQ ROSES PLC 56
EAST AFRICAN AGRI-BUSINESS PLC 58
ELFORA AGRO-INDUSTRIES PLC 60
ETHIO AGRI-CEFT PLC 62
ETHIOPIAN SUGAR CORPORATION 64
HAMARESSA EDIBLE OIL S.C. 66
HORIZON PLANTATIONS PLC 68
KALITI FOOD S.C. 70
KEBIRE ENTERPRISES PLC 72
MELANGE COFFEE ROASTERS PLC 74
METAD AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PLC 76
NATIONAL TOBACCO ENTERPRISE (ETHIOPIA) S.C. 78
OLIRA AGRO INDUSTRY PLC 80
RAYA HORTI FARM 82
SHER ETHIOPIA PLC 84