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Mining of Precious Metals and Minerals In South Africa: Gold and Uranium, Platinum and Diamonds
BY Alex Conradie
South Africa
01 June 2020
R 14 400.00 (ZAR)  
estimated $ 866.02 (USD) *
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Mining of Precious Metals and Minerals: Gold and Uranium, Platinum and Diamonds


South Africa has significant gold reserves, more than 90% of the world’s platinum reserves and a long history of mining. Increasing rand gold and platinum prices are positive for the precious metals sector. Yet the industry faces numerous challenges including the increasing depth of mines, declines in productivity, ageing infrastructure, declining grades and skills shortages. Gold, uranium, platinum and diamond producers face disruptions to the supply of, and markets for, their commodities due to coronavirus, increasing costs and electricity supply problems.


Disruption


Gold, uranium, platinum and diamond mines were put on care and maintenance from 27 March 2020 due to the national lockdown following the outbreak of coronavirus. Several companies reduced their planned capital expenditure for the year to preserve cash, and several companies declared force majeure due to their inability to supply products to customers. Mines have been resuming production since an April 16 announcement that they could come back up to 50% capacity, and permission to operate at full capacity from June 1, following gazetted guidelines for a code of practice to manage the coronavirus pandemic. However, it takes time to ramp up and significant time has been lost, and mining companies are adjusting their production forecasts.


Report Coverage


This report focuses on the Mining of Precious Metals and Minerals: Gold and Uranium, Platinum and Diamonds, and includes comprehensive information on production, exports, costs, commodity prices and other influencing factors, as well as corporate actions and regulatory and other developments in the sector. There are profiles of 35 companies including major gold producers such as AngloGold Ashanti, Sibanye-Stillwater, Harmony and Gold Fields, platinum-group metal players such as Anglo American Platinum, Impala, Northam, Mmakau and Royal Bafokeng and diamond miners Petra Diamonds and De Beers.


Page
1. INTRODUCTION 1
2. DESCRIPTION OF THE INDUSTRY 1
2.1. Industry Value Chain 2
2.2. Geographic Position 6
3. SIZE OF THE INDUSTRY 8
4. STATE OF THE INDUSTRY 10
4.1. Local 10
4.1.1. Gold 10
4.1.2. Uranium 13
4.1.3. Platinum 13
4.1.4. Diamonds 15
4.1.5. Trade 16
4.1.6. Corporate Actions 17
4.1.7. Regulations 19
4.1.8. Enterprise Development and Social Economic Development 24
4.2. Continental 25
4.2.1. Gold 25
4.2.2. Uranium 26
4.2.3. Platinum 26
4.2.4. Diamonds 26
4.3. International 27
4.3.1. Gold 27
4.3.2. Uranium 30
4.3.3. Platinum 33
4.3.4. Diamonds 36
5. INFLUENCING FACTORS 39
5.1. Coronavirus 39
5.2. Economic Environment 41
5.3. Electricity Supply and Prices 42
5.4. Labour 42
5.5. Mine Safety 47
5.6. Illegal Mining and Raids 47
5.7. Technology, Research and Development (R&D) and Innovation 48
5.8. Environmental Concerns 50
5.9. Platinum Recycling 51
5.10. Community Protests 51
6. COMPETITION 52
6.1. Barriers to Entry 53
7. SWOT ANALYSIS 54
8. OUTLOOK 55
9. INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS 55
10. REFERENCES 56
10.1. Publications 56
10.2. Websites 57
APPENDIX 1 - SUMMARY OF NOTABLE PLAYERS 58
Mining of Gold & Uranium 58
Mining of Platinum 61
Mining of Diamonds 66
COMPANY PROFILES – MINING OF GOLD AND URANIUM 68
ANGLOGOLD ASHANTI LTD 68
BLYVOOR GOLD (PTY) LTD 74
DRDGOLD LTD 75
GOLD FIELDS LTD 79
HARMONY GOLD MINING COMPANY LTD 84
ORION MINERALS LTD 90
PAN AFRICAN RESOURCES PLC 94
PENINSULA ENERGY LTD 98
SIBANYE STILLWATER LTD 101
STIBIUM MINING SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 106
THETA GOLD MINES LTD 108
VILLAGE MAIN REEF (PTY) LTD 111
WHITE RIVERS EXPLORATION (PTY) LTD 114
COMPANY PROFILES – MINING OF PLATINUM 117
AFRICAN RAINBOW MINERALS LTD 117
ANGLO AMERICAN PLATINUM LTD 123
ATLATSA RESOURCES CORPORATION 127
IMPALA PLATINUM HOLDINGS LTD 129
IVANHOE MINES LTD 134
MMAKAU MINING (PTY) LTD 137
NORTHAM PLATINUM LTD 139
ORION MINERALS LTD 144
PLATINUM GROUP METALS (RSA) (PTY) LTD 148
PLATMIN SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 150
ROYAL BAFOKENG PLATINUM LTD 152
SIBANYE STILLWATER LTD 155
SIYANDA RESOURCES (PTY) LTD 160
SYLVANIA PLATINUM LTD 163
VILLAGE MAIN REEF (PTY) LTD 166
WESIZWE PLATINUM LTD 169
WINDSOR SA (PTY) LTD 172
COMPANY PROFILES – MINING OF DIAMONDS 174
ALEXKOR SOC LTD 174
DE BEERS CONSOLIDATED MINES (PTY) LTD 177
DMI MINERALS SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 180
FRONTIER DIAMONDS LTD 182
KAREEVLEI MINING (PTY) LTD 184
PETRA DIAMONDS LTD 185
SOUTHSTONE MINERALS LTD 188
TRANS HEX GROEP LTD 191
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