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The Pharmaceutical Industry in South Africa
BY Carole Veitch
South Africa
11 December 2020
R 10 080.00 (ZAR)  
estimated $ 668.29 (USD) *
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The Pharmaceutical Industry in South Africa


The pharmaceutical sector is dominated by multinational pharmaceutical companies. Although a greater variety of products is available in the private sector, the public health sector consumes the largest volume of pharmaceuticals. Vaccines and ARVs for HIV infection account for more than 50% of total public health sector expenditure on pharmaceuticals. While almost 70% of the pharmaceutical products that are used are locally-produced, various active pharmaceutical ingredients and finished products are imported. The sector is highly regulated and the development, production, marketing and sale of pharmaceuticals are strictly controlled.


Essential Provider


As a supplier of essential products, the pharmaceutical industry has been able to withstand the economic downturn of the past decade better than many other industries. The weak exchange rate has driven up the price of imported ingredients and finished products. Price agreements between government and suppliers have reduced the cost of pharmaceuticals used in public sector hospitals and primary care clinics. Manufacturers’ profit margins continue to narrow.


Sanitisers


Demand for sanitisers and hygiene products in response to coronavirus has seen a number of non-specialist producers and suppliers enter the market. Some public sector sanitiser suppliers have charged inflated prices and/or supplied substandard products.


Report Coverage


This report focuses on the manufacture of pharmaceuticals in South Africa and includes the wholesale and retail trade in pharmaceutical products. It includes information on the state and size of the sector and influencing factors including the response to coronavirus, regulation, research and development and competition. There are profiles of 122 companies including international companies operating in South Africa such as Cipla, Sanofi and Novartis, major local manufacturers such as Aspen and Adcock Ingram and retailers including Clicks and Dis-Chem. Other profiles include state-owned South African Nuclear Energy Corporation, whose subsidiary NTP Radioisotopes is one of the world’s largest producers of medical radioisotopes and radioisotope-based diagnostic imaging and therapy products, and Alpha Pharm pharmacies, the largest group of independent community pharmacies in South Africa.


Page
1. INTRODUCTION 1
2. DESCRIPTION OF THE INDUSTRY 1
2.1. Industry Value Chain 7
2.2. Geographic Position 8
3. SIZE OF THE INDUSTRY 9
4. STATE OF THE INDUSTRY 12
4.1. Local 12
4.1.1. Corporate Actions 17
4.1.2. Regulations 18
4.1.3. Enterprise Development and Social Economic Development 24
4.2. Continental 25
4.3. International 28
5. INFLUENCING FACTORS 33
5.1. Coronavirus 33
5.2. Government Interventions 35
5.3. Economic Environment 37
5.4. Labour Resources 39
5.5. Technology, Research and Development (R&D) and Innovation 40
5.6. Environmental Concerns 42
5.7. Drug Abuse 42
5.8. Substandard Products 43
6. COMPETITION 43
6.1. Barriers to Entry 45
7. SWOT ANALYSIS 46
8. OUTLOOK 47
9. INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS 48
10. REFERENCES 49
10.1. Publications 49
10.2. Websites 50
APPENDIX 1 1
Summary of Notable Players 1
COMPANY PROFILES 13
ABBOTT LABORATORIES SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 13
ACINO HEALTHCARE GROUP (PTY) LTD 15
ADCOCK INGRAM HOLDINGS LTD 18
AFRICAN MEDICINES (PTY) LTD 23
AFRIPLEX (PTY) LTD 25
AIM AFRICA 28
ALPHA PHARM (PTY) LTD 30
AMKA PRODUCTS (PTY) LTD 32
AMWAY SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 35
ASCENDIS HEALTH LTD 37
ASPEN PHARMACARE HOLDINGS LTD 43
ASTELLAS PHARMA (PTY) LTD 49
ASTRAZENECA PHARMACEUTICALS (PTY) LTD 51
AUROBINDO PHARMA (PTY) LTD 53
AUSTELL PHARMACEUTICALS (PTY) LTD 55
B BRAUN MEDICAL (PTY) LTD 57
BARRS PHARMACEUTICALS INDUSTRIES (PTY) LTD 60
BAXTER HEALTHCARE SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 62
BAYER (PTY) LTD 64
BECTON DICKINSON (PTY) LTD 67
BIO EARTH MANUFACTURING (PTY) LTD 69
BIOCLONES (PTY) LTD 71
BIOLOGICALS AND VACCINES INSTITUTE OF SOUTHERN AFRICA (PTY) LTD (THE) 73
BITEK INDUSTRIES (PTY) LTD 75
BRANSON CHEMICALS (PTY) LTD 77
CALIFORNIA PHARMACEUTICALS (PTY) LTD 79
CAPRICHEM (PTY) LTD 81
CHEMICAL CONVERTORS (PTY) LTD 84
CHEMTRON HOLDINGS (PTY) LTD 85
CIPLA MEDPRO SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 86
COLUMBIA PHARMACEUTICALS (PTY) LTD 90
COMED HEALTH (PTY) LTD 92
DELUXE CHEMICALS CC 94
DEON SCHOEMAN CC 96
DIS-CHEM PHARMACIES LTD 98
DR REDDY'S LABORATORIES (PTY) LTD 108
DYNACHEM (PTY) LTD 110
ECOLAB (PTY) LTD 112
ELI LILLY (SA) (PTY) LTD 114
EVOHEALTH (PTY) LTD 116
FERRING (PTY) LTD 118
FOREVER LIVING PRODUCTS SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 120
FRESENIUS KABI MANUFACTURING SA (PTY) LTD 123
FRESENIUS KABI SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 125
G M PHARMACEUTICALS (PTY) LTD 128
GLAXOSMITHKLINE SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 130
GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 133
GULF DRUG COMPANY (PTY) LTD 135
H H DURRHEIM (PTY) LTD 137
HERBA ZONE (PTY) LTD 139
HERBALIFE INTERNATIONAL SOUTH AFRICA LTD 141
HERSOL MANUFACTURING LABORATORIES (PTY) LTD 143
HYMED (PTY) LTD 145
IMBC INVESTMENT (PTY) LTD 147
IMVULA HEALTHCARE LOGISTICS (PTY) LTD 149
INFECTION PROTECTION PRODUCTS (PTY) LTD 151
INGELHEIM PHARMACEUTICALS (PTY) LTD 153
ISZIPHARM PHARMACEUTICAL DISTRIBUTORS (PTY) LTD 155
JOE SOAP CC 157
JOHNSON AND JOHNSON (PTY) LTD 159
KELLOGG COMPANY OF SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 161
KEVALI CHEMICAL GROUP (PTY) LTD 163
LAKATO (PTY) LTD 165
MEDICHEM (PTY) LTD 167
MEGA MAGIC CC 168
MERCK (PTY) LTD 170
MSD (PTY) LTD 172
NATIONAL BIOPRODUCTS INSTITUTE 174
NATIVA (PTY) LTD 176
NEOLIFE INTERNATIONAL (PTY) LTD 178
NESTLE (SOUTH AFRICA) (PTY) LTD 180
NETCARE PHARMACIES (PTY) LTD 184
NETCARE PHARMACIES 2 (PTY) LTD 186
NEW CLICKS SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 188
NKUNZI PHARMACEUTICALS (PTY) LTD 191
NOVARTIS SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 193
NUTRITIONAL HOLDINGS LTD 196
OMNIA HOLDINGS LTD 200
P AND G SOUTH AFRICAN TRADING (PTY) LTD 204
PARCEVAL (PTY) LTD 206
PFIZER LABORATORIES (PTY) LTD 208
PHARMA DYNAMICS (PTY) LTD 211
PHARMACEUTICAL ENTERPRISES (PTY) LTD 213
PHARMACY DIRECT (PTY) LTD 215
PHARMAFORCE (PTY) LTD 217
PHARMED PHARMACEUTICALS (PTY) LTD 219
PICK N PAY STORES LTD 222
PLATCHEM (PTY) LTD 226
PRIME CLEANING SUPPLIERS (PTY) LTD 228
RANBAXY (S A) (PTY) LTD 230
RANBAXY PHARMACEUTICALS (PTY) LTD 232
RECKITT BENCKISER PHARMACEUTICALS (PTY) LTD 234
RICHBAY CHEMICALS (PTY) LTD 236
ROCHE PRODUCTS (PTY) LTD 238
S A F I C (PTY) LTD 241
S A NATURAL PRODUCTS (PTY) LTD 243
S BUYS (PTY) LTD 245
SAFARMEX (PTY) LTD 248
SAFETY CHEMICALS (PTY) LTD 250
SANDOZ SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 251
SANOFI INDUSTRIES SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 253
SANOFI-AVENTIS SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 255
SHOPRITE HOLDINGS LTD 258
SISONKE PARTNERSHIP (THE) 263
SOLGAR SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 265
SONKE PHARMACEUTICALS (PTY) LTD 267
SOUTH AFRICAN NUCLEAR ENERGY CORPORATION SOC LTD (THE) 269
SPAR GROUP LTD (THE) 273
SPECIALISED MAINTENANCE PRODUCTS (PTY) LTD 279
SPECPHARM HOLDINGS (PTY) LTD 280
SPECTANK (PTY) LTD 282
TEVO (PTY) LTD 284
TIGER BRANDS LTD 286
TOPMED HEALTH CARE DISTRIBUTORS (PTY) LTD 291
TOUCHLESS GERM CONTROL WESTERN CAPE CC 293
TRANSPHARM (PTY) LTD 294
UNILEVER SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 296
VITAL HEALTH FOODS (PTY) LTD 299
WACO AFRICA (PTY) LTD 301
WELLNESS WAREHOUSE (PTY) LTD 305
WOOLWORTHS HOLDINGS LTD 308
XIXIA PHARMACEUTICALS (PTY) LTD 312