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Farming of Animals In South Africa
BY Rebecca Viljoen
South Africa
11 December 2020
R 10 080.00 (ZAR)  
estimated $ 692.61 (USD) *
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The Farming of Animals


Livestock farming is South Africa’s largest agricultural sector, accounting for over 40% of agricultural output’s total value and occupying roughly 80% of available agricultural land. In rural areas, animal farming is often the primary income generator and to many South Africans, livestock is also a form of social capital. Although primary agriculture contributes a relatively small share to the country’s GDP, it plays an important role in job creation and earning foreign exchange through exports. The strength of South Africa’s livestock production lies in its well-established private sector and its support for small and emerging commercial farmers. Many animal farmers have a wealth of institutional knowledge; operating farms that have been in the family for generations.


Commercial Farming


In recent decades farming companies have replaced individual farmers. There over 13,500 animal farms or farming units, of which a third are commercial farms. Concentration and centralisation are partly responsible for the sharp reduction in the number of commercial farming units. The sector is responding to mounting pressure for high standards and transparency with regards to safety, quality, environmental sustainability and welfare. The ongoing drought in many regions of South Africa is severely affecting animal farmers.


Report Coverage


This report focuses on the farming of animals in South Africa, with a particular focus on the production of livestock. It includes information on the state and size of the sector and focuses on various subsectors, including stud and stock breeding, commercial livestock farming, an emerging commercial sector, communal farmers, speculators and horse and game breeders. There is information on cattle, dairy, pig, sheep, goat and game farming and statistics on consumption, imports and exports, slaughters per province, land use and number of households involved in agriculture, among others, and information on factors that influence the sector such as disease, theft and environmental and land issues. This report does not include profiles of notable industry players.


Page
1. INTRODUCTION 1
2. DESCRIPTION OF THE INDUSTRY 1
2.1. Industry Value Chain 6
2.2. Geographic Position 7
3. SIZE OF THE INDUSTRY 10
4. STATE OF THE INDUSTRY 16
4.1. Local 16
4.1.1. Corporate Actions 20
4.1.2. Regulations 20
4.1.3. Enterprise Development and Social Economic Development 22
4.2. Continental 23
4.3. International 26
5. INFLUENCING FACTORS 29
5.1. Coronavirus 29
5.2. Economic Environment 30
5.3. Government Incentives and Support 31
5.4. Drought and Wildfire 31
5.5. Disease 32
5.6. Livestock Theft, Crime and Predators 33
5.7. Land 34
5.8. Input Costs 35
5.9. Research and Development (R&D), Technology and Innovation 36
5.10. Environmental, Health and Animal Welfare Concerns 37
5.11. Cyclicality 40
5.12. Labour 41
6. COMPETITION 43
6.1. Barriers to Entry 44
7. SWOT ANALYSIS 44
8. OUTLOOK 46
9. INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS 47
10. REFERENCES 49
10.1. Publications 49
10.2. Websites 50