This report on the mining of manganese in South Africa includes information on the size and state of the industry, notable players, volumes produced and exported, employment, technology and environmental and other influencing factors. There are profiles of 12 companies including Assmang, Afrimat, Hotazel, Tshipi e Ntle, Kalagadi and Mokala.
The Mining of Manganese in South Africa
The South African manganese mining industry has grown output, exports and employment in the last few years. The country was the world’s largest producer of manganese ore, had the largest reserves and was the largest exporter in US dollar terms in 2021. The consumption of manganese in the manufacture of lithium-ion batteries for battery electric vehicles is increasing. The industry faces challenges such as poor economic growth, high input costs and inadequate rail and port capacity for exports. Cost pressures are largely driven by above-inflation electricity, water, diesel, logistics and labour cost increases.
State of the Industry
South Africa’s largest manganese mines have long lives and demand is on the rise. Some producers will be forced to switch to underground mining as shallow reserves get depleted and they might not have the financial resources to do that. This may lead to merger and acquisition activity in the sector. Adequate land-based transport infrastructure and port facilities are critical to the success and growth of the manganese mining industry.
The consumption of manganese in the manufacture of lithium-ion batteries for battery electric vehicles is expected to surge due to rising production of these vehicles. Demand for manganese products used in batteries could increase ninefold by 2030 due to rising electric vehicle production and to higher amounts of manganese used per battery. South Africa’s manganese ore production grow to account for about 50% of the world’s additional manganese ore output over the next decade.
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Table of Contents[ Close ]
|2.||DESCRIPTION OF THE INDUSTRY||5|
|2.1.||Industry Value Chain||5|
|2.3.||Size of the Industry||8|
|3.1.||State of the Industry||9|
|3.8.||Enterprise Development and Social Economic Development||15|
|6.2.||Rail and Port Issues||25|
|6.6.||Technology, R&D and Innovation||31|
|7.2.||Ownership Structure of the Industry||32|
|7.3.||Barriers to Entry||32|
|Summary of Notable Players||36|
|Afrimat Iron Ore (Pty) Ltd||38|
|Aquila Steel (S Africa) (Pty) Ltd||40|
|Assmang (Pty) Ltd||41|
|DVD Quality Mining (Pty) Ltd||45|
|Emang Mmogo Mining Resources (Pty) Ltd||46|
|Hotazel Manganese Mines (Pty) Ltd||48|
|Kalagadi Manganese (Pty) Ltd||50|
|Kudumane Manganese Resources (Pty) Ltd||52|
|Mokala Manganese (Pty) Ltd||54|
|Sitatunga Resources (Pty) Ltd||56|
|Tshipi e Ntle Manganese Mining (Pty) Ltd||58|
|United Manganese of Kalahari (Pty) Ltd||60|