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mining sector southern africa

The Mining Sector in Southern Africa 2021

Alex Conradie | Angola; Botswana; Eswatini (formerly Swaziland); Lesotho; Malawi; Mozambique; Namibia; Zambia; Zimbabwe | 25 October 2021

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Report Coverage

This report focuses on mining in Angola, Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe, which constitute the African Union’s Southern Africa region. South Africa is excluded from this report as its mining industry is covered by separate reports. It includes comprehensive information on mineral occurrences, developments and corporate actions as well as the state and size of the sector, trade and regulations. There are profiles of 43 companies including Debswana and Mupane Gold Mining in Botswana, Zimbabwe Platinum Mines, Swakop Uranium and Namdeb in Namibia, Montepuez Ruby Mining in Mozambique and Lubambe Copper Mine in Zambia.

Introduction

The latest World Mining Data report indicates that in 2019, Southern African countries, excluding South Africa, produced 27.8% of the world’s diamonds, 13.5% of its graphite and 10.0% of its uranium. In 2020, Southern African countries exported minerals worth US$7.6bn, according to the International Trade Centre’s Trade Map. Factors such as the impact of the coronavirus pandemic, rising input costs, and inadequate infrastructure are affecting the performance of Southern Africa’s mining sector.

Strengths

• An important producer of diamonds, graphite, platinum-group metals, titanium, uranium, vermiculite and zircon.
• Several large mining companies are present.
• Southern Africa is an established mining region.

Weaknesses

• Artisanal mining is often associated with smuggling, revenue loss, child labour, human rights abuse, and environmental and human health concerns.
• General lack of skilled employees.
• Lack of infrastructure, especially roads and electricity in rural areas.

Opportunities

• Many deposits are not being exploited.
• Most countries are trying to develop their mining sectors.
• Potential for the development of coal and copper mines in Botswana.
• Rising demand for various minerals due to the recovery of the world economy.

Threats

• Rising input costs, especially electricity and transportation.
• The impact of the coronavirus pandemic on demand for minerals.

Outlook

Analytics company S&P Global Market Intelligence expects global capital expenditure by a group of 400 mining companies studied to increase by 18% year-on-year to more than US$176bn in 2021, largely due to a resumption of projects delayed by the coronavirus pandemic, and the commencement of new projects in response to high demand for a range of minerals. Prices for some of Southern Africa’s major minerals such as copper, diamonds, nickel, platinum-group metals, uranium and zinc are expected to increase in the short term, according to diamond company De Beers and Australia’s Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources, leading to higher production and mining revenues in the region. Angola’s minister of Mineral Resources and Petroleum, Diamantino Azevedo, said in March 2021 that the country plans to produce 10.1 million carats (Mcts) of diamonds in 2022, up from 7.7Mcts in 2020, while Botswanan diamond producer Debswana Diamond Company’s corporate affairs manager, Agatha Sejoe, said in February 2021 the company aims to increase production in 2021 by 38% to 2019 levels of 23Mcts, as global demand for diamonds improves. A few chromium, coal, copper, diamond, gold, iron ore and platinum-group metals deposits in Southern Africa are expected to be developed into mines over the next few years. Luke Peters, senior exploration geologist at exploration services provider MSA Group, said in February 2020 he expected a number of copper mines to be developed in the Kalahari Copper Belt (in Botswana and Namibia) over the next decade as exploration techniques improve.

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The Mining Sector in Southern Africa
The Mining Sector in Southern Africa 2021

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Industry Landscape

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Table of Contents

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PAGE
1. INTRODUCTION 1
2. REGION INFORMATION 1
3. DESCRIPTION OF THE INDUSTRY 3
3.1. Industry Value Chain 5
3.2. Geographic Position 6
4. SIZE OF THE INDUSTRY 12
5. STATE OF THE INDUSTRY 15
5.1. Local 15
5.1.1. Trade 21
5.1.2. Corporate Actions 25
5.1.3. Regulations 31
5.2. Continental 33
5.3. International 34
6. INFLUENCING FACTORS 35
6.1. Coronavirus 35
6.2. Economic Environment 36
6.3. Lack of Infrastructure 37
6.4. Technology, Research and Development (R&D) and Innovation 38
6.5. Government Incentives and Support 38
6.6. Environmental Concerns 39
6.7. Labour 39
7. COMPETITION 41
7.1. Barriers to Entry 41
8. SWOT ANALYSIS 42
9. OUTLOOK 42
10. INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS 43
11. REFERENCES 46
11.1. Publications 46
11.2. Websites 46
APPENDIX 1 48
Summary of Notable players 48
COMPANY PROFILES 55
African Chrome Fields (Pvt) Ltd 55
AfriTin Mining Ltd 57
B2Gold Namibia (Pty) Ltd 60
Bikita Minerals (Pvt) Ltd 62
Bindura Nickel Corporation Ltd 64
Chibuluma Mines PLC 68
CNMC Luanshya Copper Mines PLC 70
Companhia Siderurgica do Cuchi S.A. 72
Consolidated Nickel Mines Ltd 74
De Beers Marine Namibia (Pty) Ltd 76
Debswana Diamond Company (Pty) Ltd 78
Empresa Nacional de Diamantes de Angola EP 81
Great Dyke Investments (Pvt) Ltd 83
Hwange Colliery Company Ltd 85
Kagem Mining Ltd 88
Kansanshi Mining PLC 90
Khoemacau Copper Mining (Pty) Ltd 92
Letseng Diamonds (Pty) Ltd 94
Lodestone Namibia (Pty) Ltd 96
Lubambe Copper Mine PLC 98
Lucara Diamond Corp. 100
Lumwana Mining Company Ltd 103
Maamba Collieries Ltd 105
Makomo Resources (Pvt) Ltd 107
Maloma Colliery Ltd 109
Mimosa Mining Company (Pvt) Ltd 111
Minergy Ltd 113
Morupule Coal Mine (Pty) Ltd 116
Mupane Gold Mining (Pty) Ltd 118
Namdeb Diamond Corporation (Pty) Ltd 120
NFC Africa Mining PLC 122
Prospect Resources Ltd 124
RioZim ltd 126
Rosh Pinah Zinc Corporation (Pty) Ltd 130
Rossing Uranium Ltd 132
Storm Mountain Diamonds (Pty) Ltd 134
Swakop Uranium (Pty) Ltd 136
Unki Mines (Pvt) Ltd 138
Zimasco (Pvt) Ltd 140
Zimbabwe Platinum Mines (Pvt) Ltd 142