This report on trends in youth employment is one in a series of trends reports published by Who Owns Whom that also include trends in areas such as mining, FMCG, agribusiness, fintech and transport and logistics. The trends in youth employment report includes information on youth population, education and employment, labour force participation, business sectors employing youth, causes of unemployment and government and private sector interventions.
• South Africa continues to have one of the highest youth unemployment rates in the world. • Long term youth unemployment has led to an increase in youth discouraged from work, and represents a threat to social stability. • High youth unemployment largely reflects poor education outcomes and a skills mismatch, and more than a decade and a half of low economic growth. • Experts say youth unemployment could be reduced by providing soft skills, career guidance and entrepreneurship support. • While private initiatives have had some success, their impact is marginal in addressing the youth unemployment crisis.
• The outlook for youth employment in South Africa remains grim, and youth unemployment is expected to rise unless there are interventions, including fixing the education system. • As it will take time to improve education outcomes, public employment programmes and entrepreneurship support can play an important role. • A question hangs over the continuation of public programmes given government’s spending challenges.
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Table of Contents[ Close ]
|2.||OVERVIEW OF YOUTH EMPLOYMENT||1|
|3.||STATE OF YOUTH EMPLOYMENT||10|
|4.4.||Poor Education Outcomes and Low Throughput||18|
|4.8.||Technology and New Jobs||22|
|4.10.||Private Sector Support Programmes||27|
|6.||MEASURES TO TACKLE YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT||32|